Weather the Storm
Protect your family against natural calamity by preparing grab-and-go bags, a communication plan, and emergency supplies.
When it comes to reacting to a flood, hurricane, blackout, or another disaster, people with ADHD seem to have a leg up. Their “can-do” attitude, coupled with a knack for outside-the-box thinking, help them make smart decisions in situations that might overwhelm people who think, well, a bit more slowly.
Of course, it’s much easier to react to a disaster when you’re prepared for it. Alas, the skills required for disaster preparedness – planning, prioritizing, and organizing – aren’t exactly an ADHD strong suit. No wonder you’ve been putting off making the preparations you know are necessary – the kind that might save a life.
Fortunately, I’m here to help. To make it easier for you and your family to get ready for any disaster that might come your way, follow these three steps.
1. Prepare a grab-and-go bag for each family member
A grab-and-go bag (see below) is a backpack or small suitcase on wheels that you pack ahead of time, in the event a disaster forces you to leave town.
In addition to his or her grab-and-go bag, one person in the family should also carry a first-aid kit containing common over-the-counter medications, as well as a two-week supply of all prescription drugs used by family members. (If your insurance will not cover this, buy them out of pocket.) This person can also be responsible for a small battery-operated radio, an extra set of keys (car, home, and safety deposit box), and cash.
- two small bottles of water
- four high-protein, high-calorie energy bars, or a similar quantity of trail mix, dried fruit, or granola
- change of clothes (in a young child’s grab-and-go bag, pack extra underwear, as kids under stress tend to have “accidents”)
- toothpaste, toothbrush, tampons, razor, and travel-size toiletries
- small flashlight (with extra batteries in a baggie)
- multi-blade knife
- spare pair of eyeglasses
- antibacterial hand sanitizer
- plastic bags for food
- writing pad, pen or pencil, and disposable camera (so you can document emergency expenditures, damage, repairs, and so on)
2. Create a written communication/reunion plan
One of the scariest things about disasters is that they can leave family members geographically scattered, making it hard for them to communicate.
To make sure that you and your loved ones can remain in touch no matter what, create your communication/reunion plan using the basic form printed below.
Set aside a couple of hours to sit down as a family to fill it out. If you tend to “zone out” when filling out forms, have another family member do it for you.
FAMILY COMMUNICATION/REUNION PLAN
- Home phone
- Home address (reunion site #1)
- Mother’s full name
- Mother’s work phone
- Mother’s cell phone
- Mother’s e-mail
- Father’s full name
- Father’s work phone
- Father’s cell phone
- Father’s e-mail
- Neighbor’s name and address (reunion site #2)
- Neighbor’s home phone number
- Reunion site #3
- Out-of-town contact name and address (reunion site #4)
- Out-of-town contact phone
- School #1 name and address
- School #1 phone
- School #2 name and address
- School #2 phone
Your plan should include phone numbers and e-mail addresses for each family member. Indicate an out-of-town contact whom you can leave messages with and retrieve messages from if it’s impossible to call someone in your hometown. Program the numbers into everyone’s cell phones and your landline (corded) phone. Landline phones often work when cell and cordless phones don’t.
You should also specify “rolling” reunion sites where everyone agrees to meet. Reunion site #1 is your home; everyone who is not at home when disaster strikes should head there as soon as possible. If traveling to the first site is out of the question, family members should head to site #2, site #3, and so on. I recommend making site #2 a neighbor’s home, and site #3 a public building, such as a school or a library, situated one to three miles from your home.
In case of widespread disaster, it’s wise to designate a fourth reunion site 10 to 20 miles from your home. The home of a relative or a friend might be a good choice.
Once you fill in all the blanks, make a copy for each family member. In addition, post a copy of the plan on your refrigerator, give one to each child’s school or day-care center, and place one in the glove compartment of each car and another in your grab-and-go bag.
3. Stock up on provisions, in case your family is forced to “hunker down” for a while
Remember that the electricity may go out; in addition to having no lights, you may be unable to cook, and may have no heat, air conditioning, television, computer, or working toilet.
Below is a basic list of provisions. Store them in a closet, a cabinet, or another agreed-upon, easily reached location in your home.
- three-day supply of water (one gallon per person per day)
- water-purification tablets, in case your water supply runs out
- three-day supply of canned or other nonperishable food for each family member, as well as for all pets
- disposable forks, knives, spoons, cups, plates, and napkins
- bottle opener and manual can opener
- small camp stove, with fuel and matches
- digital thermometer (refrigerated food needs to be 40 degrees F or lower, and frozen food 0 degrees F or lower)
- plastic bags for garbage and food-storage
- one change of clothing and footwear per person
- one blanket or sleeping bag per person
- basic toiletry items
- toilet tissue and paper towels
- plastic bucket, with a cover (to use as an outdoor toilet)
- liquid soap, antibacterial moist towelettes, disposable plastic gloves
- battery-powered or hand-cranked radio
- one flashlight for each family member, with extra batteries
- first-aid kit
- fire extinguisher
- tool kit (consisting of a multi-bladed knife, hammer, Phillips-head screwdriver, flathead screwdriver, and pliers)
- reflective tape, to make clothes, shoes, flashlights, or other equipment visible in the dark
- landline telephone and a cell phone with extra batteries
It’s a long list, I know. But it should take you only a few hours to buy everything and find a place to store it all. You may wish to declare a “family preparedness day,” on which the whole family gets together to shop for provisions, bring them home, store them, and review your family communication/reunion plan.
ADDers tend toward perfectionism, but that can get in the way when you’re preparing for disaster. It’s impossible to prepare for every contingency. But as long as you pack grab-and-go bags, prepare a communication plan, and assemble your “hunker down” provisions, you’ll have the basics covered. That’s all you should aim for.