Managing Medications

Should You Consider an ADHD Medication Vacation?

Vacation means no homework, no responsibilities, and… no medication? Consider the pros and cons of an ADHD drug holiday before putting away the pills.

A family taking a road trip holiday while also taking a drug holiday for their child with adhd.
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Taking a Medication Vacation

For many of us, ADHD medication is a fact of life. So is going off medication — or at least wanting to. Taking pills day in and day out can be a burden for adults, parents, and kids — but so can the resurgence in symptoms that often accompanies a decrease in or cessation of ADHD medication. How you approach the decision to take a drug holiday, however, makes all the difference in your ADHD treatment. Here's what you should know.

A doctor writes a prescription for ADHD medication, but parents don't always fill it.
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Why Parents Stop ADHD Meds

In a recent ADDitude survey, 48% of parents said they plan to give their child a break from ADHD medication that summer. The reasons were as varied as the 200 individuals surveyed, however common motivations included the following:

  • 64%: Appetite suppression ("I was hoping he/she would catch up.")
  • 60%: Symptom assessment ("I wanted to see if there was any improvement.")
  • 58%: For learning only ("I only give my child meds on school days.")
  • 52%: School holiday ("I always take my child off medication in the summer.")
  • 38%: Side effects ("My child doesn't like the way medication makes him/her feel.")
A family vacations happily at the beach. Their daughter's ADHD drug holiday is a success.
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Do ADHD Drug Holidays Work?

Of the 59% of parents who said they stopped or decreased ADHD meds for their child last summer, just over half called the drug holiday a success. 41% said a decrease in ADHD medication caused more problems than it solved; 59% viewed the break positively. Many parents reported "impulse-control issues," "lack of focus," "emotional stress" and general household chaos that caused them to cut short the drug holiday or settle on a reduced dose.

[Free Download: The Ultimate Guide to ADHD Medication]

A little girl is assessed by her doctor after taking an ADHD drug holiday.
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Good Experiences with Drug Holidays

Nearly 10 percent of those surveyed said the ADHD drug holiday was such a success they "didn't even think about medication until fall.") Cited benefits of the medication vacation included improved growth, fewer mood swings, and less defiance. Other parents with children diagnosed with inattentive-type ADHD said that, without schoolwork to focus on, the medication wasn't necessary in the summer.

A family laughs together, seeing that ADHD symptoms are better after taking a drug holiday.
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A Smart Way to Gauge Symptoms

Many people choose to stop meds because they "feel good." They wonder: Would I feel just as good if I stopped the drugs?

It's not a bad question, says Timothy Wilens, M.D. But, there's a right way and a wrong way to discontinue meds. "I suggest a trial discontinuation if someone has been symptom-free for several months," says Wilens. "What you want to know is whether the medication has been responsible for all the improvement, or if the disorder itself is better."

A mom measures her son's growth and progress.
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I've Outgrown ADHD

ADHD is a chronic neurological disorder, but sometimes it does seem to go away. Studies suggest that many kids with ADHD outgrow aspects of the disorder before reaching adulthood. Why?

Some researchers theorize that the decades-long maturation process of the brain gradually repairs the errant brain circuitry associated with ADHD. Others attribute improvement to the gradual acquisition of coping skills. If symptoms are mild, and coping skills have indeed been burnished, says Wilens, meds may become unnecessary.

A woman is suffering from insomnia caused by side effects of her ADHD medication.
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So Long, Side Effects

Even in cases where meds still work, side effects can become unbearable. This is one common reason that both ADHD children and ADHD adults take a break from meds when they can afford to. "I've gone off meds a number of times," says Robert Jergen, Ph.D., 36, associate professor of special education at the University of Wisconsin in Oshkosh. "Some drugs caused intense intestinal pains. Some made my heart race. One was effective at reducing my hyperactivity, but I couldn't sleep. The last medication I was on made it difficult to achieve and maintain erections, and caused vocal tics."

[Considering a Vacation from Your ADHD Medication?]

A doctor talks to a little boy patient while his parent ask about a drug holiday on his ADHD medications.
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How to Stop Medication

If you're considering going off medication, experts advise doing so only with the approval of your doctor. She may give you the green light, or she may suggest other options, such as adding psychotherapy or ADHD coaching to your drug regimen.

Your doctor may be able to ease your concerns by adjusting the drug's dosage or switching you to a new drug. "A lot of people don't realize how many drugs there are for ADHD," says Michele Novotni, Ph.D., a psychologist in Pennsylvania.

A doctor explains to his adult patient with ADHD that some medication safety doubts haven't been proven.
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Doubting Drug Safety

Don't stop your child's ADHD medication because of a news report or Facebook post about drug safety. Talk to your doctor about your concerns before making a change. Dr. Adesman tells of one patient's dad who wanted to take his kid off Ritalin. "The dad was troubled by a report suggesting that kids who take Ritalin are more likely to get cancer," says Adesman. This claim hasn't been proven. Once Adesman explained that, the father gave up his bid to take his child off meds, which had been highly effective.

Weigh the pros and cons before deciding if the drug holiday was a success.
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Delay Judgment

Don't be too quick to declare success or failure. Stimulants are gone from the system in hours, but drugs like Strattera may continue to control symptoms for days, perhaps weeks, after the last dose. Hyperactivity will show up quickly, but impaired concentration and organizational problems can take up to six months to become evident. You may decide to go back on meds. If so, keep the experience in perspective. You've learned something valuable.

[Dear ADDitude: Should We Take a Drug Holiday?]