|FOR THESE CLASSROOM SYMPTOMS…
- Difficulty recognizing subtle differences in sounds in words.
- Trouble differentiating which direction a sound comes from.
- Finds it hard to block out background noise.
- Difficulty making sense of the order of sounds.
- May process thoughts slowly.
- Trouble understanding metaphors, jokes, and sarcasm.
|Auditory Processing Disorder
- Difficulty understanding numbers and learning math facts.
- Poor comprehension of math symbols, including positive/negative, place value, number lines.
- Has trouble sequencing events or information.
- Difficulty telling time.
- Trouble counting, including making change or counting money.
- Struggles with recognizing patterns.
- Poor ability to organize numbers on a page.
- Illegible handwriting.
- Inconsistent spacing when writing.
- Poor spatial planning on paper.
- Trouble with spelling.
- Difficulty composing writing and thinking/writing at the same time.
- Uses unusual grip on writing instruments.
- Slow when copying information.
- Deficits in reading fluency, reads slowly.
- Difficulty with decoding words.
- May reverse order of letters.
- Difficulty with reading comprehension and recall of what was read.
- Difficulty with writing and spelling.
- Trouble recalling known words.
- Substitutes sight words in a sentence.
- Difficulty attaching meaning to sound groups, words, sentences, and stories.
- Poor reading comprehension.
- Trouble labeling objects.
- Easily frustrated with inability to express oneself.
- Difficulty recalling the “right” word to use.
- Trouble understanding jokes.
|Language Processing Disorder
- Trouble interpreting nonverbal cues, such as facial expressions and body language.
- Poor fine motor skills coordination.
- Difficulty coping with changes and transitions.
- Finds it hard to follow multiple-step instructions.
- Asks a lot of questions.
- Can be repetitive.
|Nonverbal Learning Disabilities
- Misses subtle differences in shapes or printed letters, using b for d, u for n.
- Loses place while reading.
- Finds it difficult to read and may complain of blurring or eyes hurting.
- Trouble with copying from the board or a book.
- Struggles with cutting.
- Holds pencil too tightly.
- Poor eye-hand coordination.
|Visual Perceptual/Visual Motor Deficit
(Not a learning disability, but many children with ADHD also have a learning disability.)
- Difficulty staying focused and paying attention.
- Difficulty controlling behavior ( impulsive).
(Not a learning disability, but often occurs alongside other learning disorders.)
- Problems with movement and coordination.
- Poor balance.
- Problems with language and speech.
- Trouble with organization.
- May be sensitive to touch or noise.
(Not a learning disability, but weaknesses in executive functioning skills are often seen in those who
have learning disabilities or ADHD.)
- Problems with planning, organization, strategizing, paying attention, remembering details, managing time and space.
|Executive Functioning Deficits