Everything you need to know about ADD/ADHD in the news and media, brought to you by the editors at ADDitude.

posted: Tuesday October 11th - 3:45pm

Brain Scans May Predict Efficacy of Antidepressants

In a recent study, Stanford researchers used patients’ personal history and fMRI scans to predict with 80% accuracy whether an individual with depression would respond positively to antidepressant medication.

October 11, 2016 Medication combined with psychotherapy is the most effective treatment for severe depression, but antidepressants work slowly and somewhat inconsistently. Most people see no benefit for the first 10 to 14 days, and wait a full 8 to 10 weeks before experiencing an antidepressant’s full benefits. Finding the right prescription to control symptoms is often a long, frustrating guessing game for a condition that is...
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posted: Friday October 7th - 12:10am

Brain Training Games’ Efficacy Claims Called Into Question

Do brain training programs actually work to improve memory and cognition? The scientific community is split — but a recent meta-analysis seems to indicate that brain-game makers have not adequately demonstrated the truth behind their claims of success.

October 7, 2016 Brain-training programs like Lumosity and LearningRx have long promised improved memory, faster processing speed, and more vigorous problem solving skills — all through the power of computer-based cognitive games. But a recent meta-analysis of the effectiveness of these so-called “brain games” calls the game makers’ claims into question — finding that their validating studies were too small, poorly designed, or entirely misleading. In the study,...
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posted: Thursday October 6th - 12:05am

Study: Related Conditions Associated with ADHD Don’t Impact Both Genders Equally

A study confirmed that ADHD impacts both genders equally, but suggests that related conditions do not break down evenly between the sexes. For example, substance-abuse problems are more likely in men, while related personality and anxiety disorders are more common in women.

October 6, 2016 Despite inconsistent diagnosis rates in men and women, ADHD is equally likely to occur in both genders. A soon-to-be-printed study supports this medical conclusion, but adds another dimension to the relationship between ADHD and gender: Some comorbid psychiatric disorders commonly associated with ADHD are far more likely in one sex than the other. Specifically, men with ADHD are more likely to have substance-abuse problems...
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posted: Wednesday October 5th - 12:44pm

Study: Oppositional Defiant and Conduct Disorders Far More Common in Girls with ADHD Than Previously Thought

A new analysis conducted by UCLA researchers suggests that girls with ADHD are not only at higher risk for anxiety disorder and depression, but also for conduct disorders more commonly associated with boys. Researchers hope that better understanding these comorbidities will aid clinicians in more accurate diagnoses for girls.

October 5, 2016 ADHD occurs in both genders equally, and is one of the most common childhood disorders, yet it remains disproportionately undiagnosed and/or misdiagnosed in girls. This is due, in part, to the medical community’s incomplete understanding of how ADHD affects and manifests in girls, specifically. Now, a new study suggests that commonplace assumptions about the incidence and type of related conditions found in girls with...
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posted: Wednesday October 5th - 11:54am

Study: Low IQ Scores Do Not Reflect Low Intelligence in Adults with ADHD

Adults with ADHD test just as well as their peers on measures of IQ — once working memory and processing speed are taken out of the equation.

October 5, 2016 Lower IQ scores among adults with ADHD do not necessarily reflect lower intelligence, but rather comparatively poor working memory and decreased processing speed, according to a 2014 study. The study, conducted by researchers from the University of Bremen, in Germany, tested the intelligence of 116 adults with ADHD and 116 controls using a battery of tests. The primary one was the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–IV...
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posted: Monday October 3rd - 11:28am

New Study: ADHD Medications Don’t Improve Homework Speed, Results

A small study suggests that stimulant medications used to treat ADHD do not always help children with ADHD complete their homework more quickly or more accurately. What does help? Behavioral therapy.

October 3, 2016 The frustration and anguish of the nightly homework battle is an almost universally shared emotion among parents and students — particularly those with ADHD. After a tough day at school, children with ADHD understandably struggle to focus on their home assignments. As a result, many families use long-acting stimulants designed to work for up to 12 hours — from 8 a.m. clear through to...
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posted: Wednesday September 28th - 4:18pm

Children with ADHD Avoid Failure and Punishment More Than Do Their Peers, Study Says

Adult authority figures reproach and correct children with ADHD more often than they do children without the condition. This frequent criticism may cause children with ADHD to more frequently avoid challenges or situations where they may face admonishment again, according to a recent study.

September 28, 2016 Positive feedback — particularly in childhood — helps an individual develop self-esteem, push past failures, and promote achievements. Praise and reinforcement are critical for developing minds; they are also hard to come by for children with ADHD. Impulsive behaviors, academic struggles, and social challenges may cause parents and teachers to critique these children more often than they do others. Some experts, like William Dodson,...
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posted: Sunday September 25th - 12:00am

Diabetes Medication During Pregnancy May Be Linked to ADHD

Anti-diabetic medications like insulin are often used to treat type II or gestational diabetes in people who are pregnant — but new research indicates that this might be linked to an increased risk of attention deficit disorder in the child.

September 26, 2016 Taking diabetes medication during pregnancy may increase the risk of a child later developing ADHD, according to a new study — though some experts in the field of diabetes aren’t yet convinced that there is cause for concern. The study, conducted by a team from Kaiser Permanente and the University of Southern California, was presented September 16 at the annual meeting of the European Association...
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posted: Friday September 23rd - 9:00am

New Research: 60 Percent of Children with ADHD Will Experience Symptoms as Adults

New data from a long-term longitudinal study shows that a majority of children with ADHD will continue to experience ADHD symptoms in adulthood, putting to rest the notion that most patients "grow out of" this disorder.

September 23, 2016 Will your child's ADHD symptoms fade with age? New data indicates that it is unlikely; ADHD is not a lifelong condition for a majority of patients. In a long-term study conducted over nearly 20 years by theNational Institute of Mental Health, more than 60 percent of children with ADHD continued to show symptoms in adulthood. The study, published September 19 in the Journal of Child...
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posted: Thursday September 22nd - 9:00am

Internet Addiction May Indicate Other Mental Health Problems

Adults who spend an unhealthy amount of time online are more likely to demonstrate symptoms of depression, anxiety, and other mental-health conditions, a new research study suggests.

September 22, 2016 Spending an unhealthy amount of time online may indicate problems above and beyond Internet addiction, a new study finds. Specifically, adults who spend the majority of their wakeful hours online may be at higher risk for depression, anxiety, or other mental health problems. The study, conducted by Canadian researchers at McMaster University in Ontario, was presented at the 29th European College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ECNP) Congress...
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