We know that not everyone learns in the same way. Some kids are stronger visual learners, or auditory learners; others prefer information to be presented through tactile (touch) and kinesthetic (movement) approaches. Most kids use a combination of styles to succeed in school, but they may learn and retain more when using strategies that tap into their strengths. Here are strategies for each learning style:
For Visual Learners
> graphic organizers, maps, charts, books, flash cards, outlines
> written directions (including pictures)
> models, illustrations, imagery
> videos, multimedia presentations
> webbing, diagramming, color highlighting
For Auditory Learners
> verbal instructions and explanations
> music (rhythm, beat, melody to reinforce information)
> discussing, storytelling, brainstorming
> cooperative learning (working with a partner/small group)
> audio books, listening activities
> speeches, debates, oral exams and reports
For Tactile/Kinesthetic Learners
> objects to touch (manipulatives, props)
> building, construction, labs, arts and crafts
> hands-on technology and gadgets
> acting it out, role-playing, simulations
> recite, rehearse, study while in motion (on a bike, walking, bouncing a ball)
> active learning games, dance, field trips
Adapted from How to Reach and Teach Children with ADD/ADHD, Second Edition, copyright 2005, by Sandra F. Rief.
This article appears in the Summer 2012 issue of ADDitude.
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To discuss this topic and learning styles that work for your child with other parents, visit the ADHD at School support group on ADDConnect.