Metacognition: Problem-Solving Skills for ADHD Children

Help your ADD/ADHD child's metacognition with these tips for learning and applying problem-solving skills at school and at home.


Filed Under: Self Esteem, Learning Disabilities, Following Directions with ADHD, Homework and Test Help
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Metacognition and Problem-Solving Skills at School

Teach a problem-solving procedure. Have kids answer the following questions: 1) What is the problem? 2) What is my plan? 3) Am I following my plan? 4) How did I do? Have them apply these questions to academic and social problems.

Give assignments that require evaluative skills. You might ask students to decide what grade they think they deserve on a paper or a report card, and to write a justification for that grade.

Demonstrate “thinking aloud” during lessons. The more you talk about how you think your way through a problem or an assignment, the more likely your students are to use self-instruction as a learning strategy.

Praise students when you see them using metacognitive skills. Say, “I like the way you went back and checked your work before handing it in. I saw you correct some spelling mistakes, and I saw you change a couple of sentences so they sounded better. That was good work.”

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