Is It Asperger's Syndrome or ADHD?

Are your child's symptoms related to ADHD or Asperger's syndrome? Learn more about the differences between warning signs, diagnosis, and treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and Asperger's syndrome.

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Asperger's Syndrome Cause, Warning Signs, and Symptoms

Cause of Asperger's Syndrome: Researchers don’t understand what causes Asperger's syndrome, although there seems to be a strong genetic component. Although AS is on the autism spectrum, the symptoms are often milder than the symptoms of classic autism in younger children. Children with AS, like all individuals on the spectrum, have difficulties in three areas: communication, social interaction, and restricted interests.

Signs Your Child May Have Asperger's Syndrome: More severe forms of autism are often diagnosed in the first two years of a child’s life, but AS is usually diagnosed at a later age. A major reason for that is that children with AS develop language skills more or less on time. While they may have moderate delays in the development of speech, the majority of such children communicate by age three.

Asperger's Syndrome Symptoms Checklist

A child with AS might have some or all of the symptoms listed below. Symptoms are often less severe than in a child with autism.

Impaired communication -- verbal and nonverbal

· Speech development may be normal or somewhat delayed, but difficulties arise in the functional and social use of language for communication

· Impaired use of nonverbal behaviors, including eye contact, body language, and social expressions

Restricted repertoire of activities and interests

· Narrow interests that are abnormal in intensity and focus (a single TV show, say, or an unusual object, like a vacuum cleaner)

· Rigid adherence to nonfunctional routines and rituals (following a strict protocol when leaving the house to go to school)

· Stereotyped repetitive motor mannerisms (pacing)

Poor Social Interaction

· Failure to develop age-appropriate peer relationships (inability to understand the social give-and-take of friendships)

· Failure to seek out others to share enjoyment, interest, and achievements (not sharing a good grade on a test or a just-finished painting with a family member)

· Lack of social and emotional reciprocity (not enjoying being with others just for the sake of being together)

Next Why Parents Miss Signs of Asperger's Syndrome

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