A Side-by-Side Comparison of Common Disorders Linked to ADHD

Roughly half of all people with ADHD also have symptoms of anxiety, depression, OCD, learning disabilities, or another related condition. Here is a comparative chart of symptoms — and recommended resources for each.

Suggestive Symptoms Recommended Resources
Learning Disabilities
Difficulty mastering reading, writing, and/or math skills
Difficulty with memory, mastering new academic concepts, and/or reasoning
The Misunderstood Child: Understanding and Coping with Your Child's Learning Disabilities, by Larry Silver, M.D. (Three Rivers Press)
Learning Disabilities Association of America
Language Disabilities
Difficulty understanding what is said
Difficulty organizing thoughts and finding the right words when speaking
Childhood Speech, Language & Listening Problems, by Patricia McAleer Hamaguchi (Wiley)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
Fine and Gross Motor Difficulties
Difficulty with fine motor skills (writing, tying shoes)
Difficulty with gross motor skills (running, playing, eye-hand coordination, riding a bike)
The Source for Nonverbal Learning Disorders, by Sue Thompson (LiguiSystems)
The Out-of-Sync Child, by Carol Stock Kranowitz
American Occupational Therapy Association
Tic Disorders (Motor, Oral, Tourette's)
Patterns of motor (or vocal) tics that come and go and may change form
Tics and Tourette Syndrome, by Uttom Chowdury (Jessica Kingsley Publishers)
Tourette Syndrome Plus
Specific or generalized fears beyond what would be expected given a child's age
Panic attacks
Worried No More, by Aureen Pinto Wagner, Ph.D. (Lighthouse Press)
Anxiety Disorders Association of America
Persistent moodiness, fatigue, or loss of appetite
Unexplained feelings of guilt
Unexplained agitation or irritability
The Childhood Depression Sourcebook, by Jeffrey A. Miller, Ph.D. (McGraw-Hill)
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Anger-Control Problems
Uncontrollable anger or rage lasting 5-30 minutes or longer
Irrational during "meltdown"
Often remorseful afterward
The Explosive Child: Parenting Easily Frustrated, Chronically Inflexible Children, by Ross W. Greene, Ph.D. (Harper)
American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Ritualistic, goal-directed behavior, such as counting or repeating, or picking at sores or scabs or pulling out hair
Need for extreme order or cleanliness
Need to collect or hoard objects
Freeing Your Child from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, by Tamar E. Chansky, Ph.D. (Three Rivers Press)
International OCD Foundation
Bipolar Disorder
Mood swings from calm to rage and/or from depression to manic (super-happy) state
The Bipolar Child, by Demitri Papolos, M.D. and Janice Papolos (Broadway)
The Balanced Mind Parent Network


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TAGS: Comorbid Conditions with ADD, Depression, Bipolar Disorder, ADHD and Anxiety

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