Common Comorbid Conditions Associated with ADHD

Roughly half of all children with ADHD suffer from a condition like anxiety, depression or OCD. What to look for — and where to get help.

Suggestive Symptoms Recommended Resources
Learning Disabilities
Difficulty mastering reading, writing, and/or math skills

Difficulty with memory, mastering new academic concepts, and/or reasoning

The Misunderstood Child: Understanding and Coping with Your Child's Learning Disabilities, by Larry Silver, M.D. (Three Rivers Press)

Learning Disabilities Association of America, ldaamerica.org.

Language Disabilities
Difficulty understanding what is said

Difficulty organizing thoughts and finding the right words when speaking

Childhood Speech, Language & Listening Problems, by Patricia McAleer Hamaguchi (Wiley)

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, asha.org.

Fine and Gross Motor Difficulties Difficulty with fine motor skills (writing, tying shoes)

Difficulty with gross motor skills (running, playing, eye-hand coordination, riding a bike)

The Source for Nonverbal Learning Disorders, by Sue Thompson (LiguiSystems)

The Out-of-Sync Child, by Carol Stock Kranowitz

NLDline, nldline.com; American Occupational Therapy Association aota.org.

Tic Disorders (motor, oral, Tourette's)
Patterns of motor (or vocal) tics that come and go and may change form
Tics and Tourette Syndrome, by Uttom Chowdury (Jessica Kingsley Publishers)

Tourette Syndrome Plus, tourettesyndrome.net.

Anxiety
Specific or generalized fears beyond what would be expected given a child's age

Panic attacks

Tics and Tourette Syndrome, by Uttom Chowdury (Jessica Kingsley Publishers)

Worried No More, by Aureen Pinto Wagner, Ph.D. (Lighthouse Press)

Anxiety Disorders Association of America, adaa.org.

Depression
Persistent moodiness, fatigue, or loss of appetite

Unexplained feelings of guilt

Unexplained agitation or irritability

The Childhood Depression Sourcebook, by Jeffrey A. Miller, Ph.D. (McGraw-Hill)

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, aacap.org.

Anger-control Problems
Uncontrollable anger or rage lasting five to 30 minutes or longer

Irrational during "meltdown"

Often remorseful afterward

The Explosive Child: Prenting Easily Frustrated, Chronically Inflexible Children, by Ross W. Greene, Ph.D. (Harper)

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, aacap.org.

Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Ritualistic, goal-directed behavior, such as counting or repeating, or picking at sores or scabs or pulling out hair

Need for extreme order or cleanliness

Need to collect or hoard objects

Freeing Your Child from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, by Tamar E. Chansky, Ph.D. (Three Rivers Press)

Obsessive Compulsive Foundation, ocfoundation.org.

Bipolar Disorder
Mood swings from calm to rage and/or from depression to manic (super-happy) state
The Bipolar Child, by Demitri Papolos, M.D. and Janice Papolos (Broadway)

Child & Adolescent Bipolar Foundation, bpkids.org.



This article comes from the April/May 2006 issue of ADDitude.

To read this issue of ADDitude in full, purchase the back issue and SUBSCRIBE NOW to ensure you don't miss a single issue.


 

What do you think of this article? Share your comments on www.ADDConnect.com, ADDitude's community site. Check out the new ADHD Medication User Reviews and the ADHD Adults Support Group. Your fellow ADDers want to hear from you!

 
Copyright © 1998 - 2013 New Hope Media LLC. All rights reserved. Your use of this site is governed by our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.
ADDitude does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The material on this web site is provided for educational purposes only. See additional information.
New Hope Media, 39 W. 37th Street, 15th Floor, New York, NY 10018