We answer the most common questions about ADHD in children and adults...
Is it ADD or ADHD or what?
ADHD is the official medical term for Attention Deficit with and without hyperactivity. ADD (pronounced A - D - D) is another common term also refers to both. On this site, we have chosen to use the term ADHD, to better recognize ADD with and without hyperactivity.
What is ADHD?
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), also known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) consists of two basic symptoms:
- Poor attention span
- Poor impulse control
Hyperactivity may or may not be present. ADD Without Hyperactivity, or ADD/WO is also known as "ADD Inattentive Type". ADD W/O is more common in females. ADD with hyperactivity is more common among males and is called ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Is ADD a "new" diagnosis?
Although not known as ADD, this group of behaviors has been recognized since 1902 by such endearing names as "Defect of Moral Control," "Minimal Brain Damage," "Hyperkinetic Disorder."
How many people have ADHD?
According to the National Institute of Health, ADD affects between 3 to 5 percent of the population in the United States.
Can ADHD be cured?
ADHD is treatable but treatment is not a cure. The patient will still have ADHD, and symptoms return if treatment is discontinued or interrupted. Recommended treatment includes medication, therapy and some form of behavior modification.
Do people outgrow ADHD?
While it was once thought that ADD was a childhood disorder, it is now believed that for many people, ADHD lasts on into adulthood as well.
Is there a biological basis for ADD?
ADHD shows up in brain scans and has a genetic link.
What are the symptoms of ADD?
The short answer is inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
Does ADD have different degrees of severity?
Yes. Some people who have ADHD symptoms are not affected very much at all. Other people are literally living in cardboard boxes or underneath a bridge because they can't keep a job, have problems with addictions or have other visible signs of untreated ADHD.
Are there different forms of ADD?
There is only one official diagnosis and it does not include any subcategories. However, some researchers and clinicians have started making distinctions based on the ways ADHD appears in different people. According to Daniel G. Amen, M.D., ADD is recognizable in six different subtypes, including ADD Without Hyperactivity. Lynn Weiss has three categories that she uses. This work is somewhat controversial, but it points out the fact that ADHD affects different people in different ways.
Are there gender differences in ADD?
Males are more likely to be diagnosed than females. Males will typically (though not always) have ADD with Hyperactivity. It is more common for females to have ADD without Hyperactivity.