A recent study found that six out of 10 children diagnosed with idiopathic intracranial hypertension were first diagnosed with an attention or concentration disorder.
Dr. Reut Parness-Yossifon and his colleagues from the Kaplan Medical Center and the Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School in Israel recently conducted a small-scale study to evaluate the link between idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and behavior and attention in children.
IIH is a relatively rare neurological disorder in which a person experiences heightened levels of intracranial pressure, without the presence of a tumor or other neurological disorder. The major symptoms of the disease are headaches and vision problems, and in children, the disorder is often associated with attention and concentration problems.
In the current study, the parents of ten children were asked to rate their child's behavior before receiving a diagnosis of IIH, and after diagnosis and treatment. Six of the children had been diagnosed with an attention- or concentration-deficit disorder (such as ADHD) before receiving an eye exam that led to the IIH diagnosis.
After treatment, parents of five of those six children reported improvements in behavior and attention, with two children showing marked improvement.
The researchers suggest that ADHD-like symptoms could be an early indication of pediatric IIH, and that treatment for IIH may help behavioral and attentional problems without additional treatment for an attention-deficit disorder.
This study was published in the Journal of Child Neurology